The virus has been named “SARS-CoV-2,” and the disease it causes has been named “coronavirus disease 2019” (abbreviated: “COVID-19”). Coronaviruses belong to a large family of viruses common in humans and many different species of animals. Humans have never seen this strain of the virus before and have no internal defense against it that is why it is important to be vaccinated.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Information
The best way to prevent illness is to get vaccinated. People are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after they get their final dose. However, vaccinated people should continue to take safety precautions, such as wearing a mask and avoiding close contact (within about 6 feet) with others who are not vaccinated.vKeep in mind that if you’re fully vaccinated, your risk of getting COVID-19 might be low. But if you become infected, you might spread the disease to others even if you don’t have signs or symptoms of COVID-19.
A vaccine cannot cause COVID-19. No vaccine contains a complete form of the virus responsible for this illness. While your body builds immunity, it is normal for a person to experience minor side effects.
Know How it Spreads
- The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
- The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.
- Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
- Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
- These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
Take steps to protect yourself
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
- If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
Avoid close contact
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick
- Put distance between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreading in your community. This is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick.
Take steps to protect others
- Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care. Learn what to do if you are sick.
Cover coughs and sneezes
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow.
- Throw used tissues in the trash.
- Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
Wear a facemask if you are sick
- If you are sick: You should wear a facemask when you are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office. If you are not able to wear a facemask (for example, because it causes trouble breathing), then you should do your best to cover your coughs and sneezes, and people who are caring for you should wear a facemask if they enter your room. Learn what to do if you are sick.
- If you are NOT sick: You do not need to wear a facemask unless you are caring for someone who is sick (and they are not able to wear a facemask). Facemasks may be in short supply and they should be saved for caregivers.
Clean and disinfect
- Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
- If surfaces are dirty, clean them: Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
RSN founder and president Lori Hartwell has navigated adversity through-out her lifetime of living with kidney failure. She shares coping tips during the Coronavirus crisis.
Centers for Disease Control Links
Medicare payment of additional COVID-19 vaccine dose for Medicare immunocompromised patients:
UNOS: COVID-19 and Solid Organ Transplant
American Society of Nephrology (ASN), KidneyNews Online
March 26, 2020: From the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS):
COVID-19 Response Team Recommendations for Dialysis Facilities
ASN Seeks Policy Changes to Aid Kidney Care During COVID-19 Pandemic
Using Telemedicine to Improve Lives
ASN Podcast: Kidney Injury in COVID-19 Patients
COVID-19 is spreading rapidly worldwide, but its potential impact on the kidneys is still undetermined. A new CJASN study showed that kidney injury, assessed as hematuria, proteinuria, and acute kidney injury, was common in COVID-19 patients and was associated with poor clinical outcomes including progression to critical illness and death, which highlights the importance of urine analysis or even a dipstick test in COVID-19 patients. Listen to the CJASN Podcast on this study.
Tips for Staying Well from KidneyRD.com
11 Tips for Preparing for a Kidney Transplant during Covid-19 from the ESRD Networks
Web ID C-19