Kidney Transplantation

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure in which a kidney is removed from one person (donor) and placed into the body of a person suffering from renal failure (recipient), in whom the transplanted kidney can perform all the functions which the patient's own kidneys are not able to perform.

Why is a kidney transplantation necessary ?

When a person has kidney failure, the kidneys do not properly filter harmful waste products; as a result, excess wastes and chemicals start to accumulate in the blood. When this happens, a dangerous accumulation of waste products can occur, causing a condition known as uremia.

Patients with irreversible kidney failure have three options of treatment:

1. Dialysis, where the waste products from the blood are removed artificially. 

2. Kidney transplantation (Living Donor or Deceased Donor)

3. No treatment and eventually person will succumb to the kidneys not working properly.